What is DXM? And How Does It Affect Users?

Ever heard of DXM and wondered what it means? DXM, short for dextromethorphan, is a medication commonly found in over-the-counter cough and cold medicines. However, it can also be used recreationally for its psychoactive effects.

If you’re wondering “what is DXM?”, this guide is for you. Read on to find out what it is, how it works, and the effects it can have on users.

What is DXM?

So, what is DXM? DXM is a synthetic compound that belongs to a class of drugs called dissociative anesthetics. Dissociative anesthetics distort perceptions of sight and sound and produce a dissociative state. Users of DXM may feel detached from their bodies or the surrounding environment. The compound is chemically related to codeine and morphine but lacks the analgesic (pain-relieving) properties of those substances.

How does DXM work?

When taken in therapeutic doses, DXM acts as a cough suppressant by reducing the urge to cough. It works on the brain’s cough center, which helps control the cough reflex. However, at higher doses, DXM can produce mind-altering effects.

DXM works by affecting various neurotransmitter systems in the brain. It primarily acts on NMDA receptors, which transmit signals between neurons. By blocking these receptors, DXM disrupts the normal functioning of certain brain regions, leading to altered perception and dissociative experiences.

The Symptoms Of DXM Abuse

DXM abuse refers to the non-medical use of DXM-containing products in excessive amounts or for recreational purposes. Abuse of DXM can lead to a range of physical and psychological symptoms. Some common symptoms of DXM abuse include:

  • Euphoria and heightened mood: One of the common effects of DXM abuse is a sense of euphoria, a feeling of intense happiness or well-being. Users may experience an elevated mood and a general sense of positivity.
  • Increased sociability and talkativeness: DXM abuse can increase sociability and talkativeness. Users may become more outgoing and engage in conversations more actively than usual.
  • Distorted sensory perceptions: DXM can alter the way individuals perceive their senses. They may experience changes in vision, such as blurred vision, color distortion, or visual hallucinations. Sounds may also seem distorted or intensified.
  • Altered sense of time and space: DXM abuse can distort an individual’s perception of time and space. Time may feel like it is passing either slower or faster than usual. Users may also feel a sense of detachment from their surroundings.
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Effects Of DXM Abuse

Having known what is DXM, it is time to know some of its effects. DXM abuse can have both short-term and long-term effects on users. In the short term, users may experience intense and unpredictable psychological effects. These effects can range from feelings of euphoria and detachment to confusion, paranoia, and hallucinations. Some users may also engage in risky behaviors due to impaired judgment and coordination.

Long-term abuse of DXM can have more serious consequences. Chronic use of high doses of DXM has been associated with memory problems, cognitive impairments, and difficulties with attention and learning. Prolonged abuse can also lead to psychological dependence, where individuals feel a strong compulsion to continue using DXM despite adverse consequences.

Seek Professionals Help To Stop DXM Abuse

DXM, originally used as a cough suppressant, has gained popularity among individuals seeking its psychoactive effects. However, the abuse of DXM can lead to a range of physical and psychological symptoms, as pointed out in this guide.

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